When it comes to flood survival, knowing as much as you can about this natural disaster is essential. There is no need to be reminded about the devastation caused by floods since they happen more frequently than you can imagine. The destructive power of a flood should never be underestimated. Countless properties are destroyed, lives are lost and recovery is a painful and difficult.
Our Native American Indians, frontier scouts and early Americans…..even today's huntsmen… learn to understand the nature of rivers and learn to “read” it's characteristics in order to be able to survive flooding and navigate dangerous waters safely.
A flood is caused by either a natural disaster such as the recent hurricanes, by damaged/overflowed dams, melting of ice in the mountains, or a heavy rainfall. In small volumes, it won't cause much damage; however, in larger volumes the damage is devastating. Adding to the fact that the debris that goes with it adds to its destructive power. That is why the best chance of flood survival is go for the higher ground as soon as you can.
If you think about it, a flood is basically just a river. Knowing how rivers work will help understand how to survive in the flood.
This article discusses the ways for flood survival by understanding Frontier scout tradition and American Indian tactics.
Upland River Characteristics:
Speed, energy, sometimes narrow and steep channels, and waterfalls. You can judge the energy the upland river possesses in full flow by the size of the boulders, the debris, the scatter of vehicles in the middle and along the banks. The larger the debris the more energy. Also—the sound. Upland rivers often provide white water noise, not just as found at a waterfall, but in general as it breaks over rocks and debris, or simply the sounds made by its rate of flow.
Lowland River Characteristics
Lowland Rivers are usually broader and have longer straightaways and typically silent unless something is plunked into it.
If we know that we must cross a river, it is wise to choose lowland phases where we can, move downstream, avoid narrowing channels.
Lee-Scree is the debris deposited by a river. In the wild, the rocks, boulders and logs we find within the main channel and along its banks. In the urban river-flood the cars, and all other detritus swept into its path. By noting the size of the lee-scree in a river or stream we can gain an idea of how much energy the river has when flowing at force.
Large boulders, rocks, etc. tell us this river carries a great deal of power, not the best place to interact with the river. Lee-scree seen above ground at the side of a river tells us that the flow is subsiding or we are moving to a lowland phase, therefore safer interaction can be found by moving downriver.
Water moves more quickly around the outside bend of a river or stream than the inside. Think of street corners and curving streets as correlates for river-bends. This info is useful for both reading scree and ford attempts—don’t look to the flow of the inside bend to judge a crossing, look to the outside bend. The inside bend water flow may look smooth and fordable, but a look to the outside bend will tell us what we may expect to find when we’re already a bit exhausted from fording two-thirds of a supposedly “calm” river.
To learn more about flood survival, visit: fightfast.com
Knowing how it works is the basics of understanding it. By comparing the river to street flood, we can tell how to deal with specific scenarios as they are just about similar – it holds the same river-fluid mechanics for street floods. These are just a few of the many ways you can survive the flood. It may be just the tip of the iceberg, but a worthy information.
Until next time…
Take care and God bless
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